Wildlife Sanctuaries & Parks

City Twinning : Coimbatore, India – Esslingen, Germany

Esslingen Coimbatore Association (Esscom) is found under the Societies Act, 1975 to facilitate the twinning between both the cities and was found in Nov 2008.


Coimbatore district is richly endowed with hills, forests, rivers and wildlife. The Western Ghats form the border between Tamil Nadu and Kerala and Coimbatore and Kerala. It is one of the eight “hot-spots” of biological diversity in the world and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Western Ghats collectively hold 39 national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests among which 5 are in Tamil Nadu.

Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Indira Gandhi National Park, is home to tigers, panthers, elephants, gaurs, sloth bears, wild bears, porcupines, civets and Malabar flying squirrels. The sanctuary also hosts scenic beauties namely Grass hills, Karianshola, Anaikunthi Shola, groves, waterfalls, teak forests, reservoirs and dams.

Topslip is located in the Annamalai Mountain Range constituting Annamalai Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary. Tree hut, elephant ride, trekking and sightseeing are designed for its visitors delight. 4 kms from Topslip is Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. Amidst the thick green foliage of various hues of dark green and lush yellow are flora and fauna living in harmony. Tigers, wild dogs, leopards, spotted deers, barking deers, sloth bears, wild bears, langurs and macaques can be spotted here if one is lucky.

Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a tiger reserve in Blue Mountains (Nilgiri Hills). It is home to around 50 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles, 277 species of birds and 55 species of mammals including the Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Wild cats, and the elusive Leopard cat. About 4 out of 15 cat species are found in Mudumalai. 44 out of 80 tigers, several hundreds of elephants, striped hyenas, golden jackals, sloth bears and their prey animals live in Mudumalai.

Silent Valley National Park located at the outskirts of Coimbatore and the very heart of Nilgiris Biosphere is a serene and undisturbed wildlife sanctuary with 138 bird species, 34 mammal species, 730 insect species and at least 500 species of earthworm and leeches. Active rivers like Kuntipuzha originates from Silent Valley and aids in the hydroelectricity projects.